General Information

Date of establishment

28 May 1918

State İndependence Day

18 October 1991

Date of joining the United Nations

2 March1992

Capital

Baku

Territory

86.6 thousand square km (forests 12%, water basins 54.9%, including 31.1 % pastures and hayfields, 31.4% other lands). The country extends between longitude 44°, 52 ° east, latitude 38 °, and 42° north. Baku situated at the parallel of 40°. Distance from Baku to North Pole is 5550 km, to the equator 4440 km.

Official language

Azerbaijani

Monetary unit

Manat

Number of Administrative units

  • Autonomous Republic                        - 1
  • Regions                                               - 63
  • Towns                                                 - 79
  • Urban districts                                     - 14
  • Urban  administartive districts            - 68
  • Settlements                                         - 262
  • Settlements administartive districts    - 190
  • Rural settlements                                - 4246
  • Rural administrative divisions             - 1724

Neighbours  

It borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) on the south, Russia (390 km) on the north, Georgia (480 km) on the north-west and Armenia (1007 km) on the west. The length of the largest area of Caspian Sea in Azerbaijan sector is 456 km.

Population (01.01.2021)

10,1 mln. (5,06 mln. – women; 5,05 mln – men; urban population – 53%, rural population – 47%)

Ethnic groups (2009)

Azerbaijanians – 91.6%; lezgis – 2%; armeniasn – 1.3%; russians – 1.3%; talyshs – 1.3%; avars - 0.6% etc.

State structure

Republic

Political system

Head of the State: President. The president is elected by secret vote for seven-years term.

The Llegislative Authority of the Republic of Azerbaijan is implemented by the National Assembly (milli Mejlis) of the Republic of Azerbaijan which consists of 125 members.



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