The Organization of Islamic Cooperation has been the first organization to acknowledge the fact of aggression by Armenia against Azerbaijan. The organization's summits have always kept the problem of Nagorno-Karabakh in the focus of attention and accepted quite clear statements requiring observance of the norms of international law. The first resolution regarding the Armenia-Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict was adopted at the organization's 21st conference of foreign ministers taking place in Karachi (Pakistan). The resolution decisively declaims Armenia's attacks against Azerbaijan and its occupation of our territories. The document stated the magnitude and severity of humanitarian problems resulting from Armenian aggression against the Republic of Azerbaijan which posed a threat to international peace, and security and demands the immediate withdrawal of Armenian armed forces from all occupied Azerbaijani territories. Moreover, the resolution urges Armenia to respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The resolution calls for a just and peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict on the basis of respect for the principles of territorial integrity of states and inviolability interna- tionally recognized frontiers.
The document states: "Proceeding from the principles and objectives of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference;
Gravely concerned over the serious escalation of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Karabakh issue;
Strongly condemning the recent Armenian offensive against Azerbaijan and the occupation of Azerbaijan territory;
Deeply distressed by the magnitude and severity of humanitarian Problems resulting from Armenian aggression against the Republic of Azerbaijan;
Recalling the principled position taken by the Fifth Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Istanbul in June 1992 on this issue;
Also recalling the relevant paragraphs of the Final Communique adopted by the OIC Coordination Meeting of the Foreign Ministers at the United Nations, New York, on 23 September, 1992;
Noting the efforts made by the neighboring countries and regional states notably the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Turkey to promote a peaceful settlement of the Karabakh issue;
Conscious of the threat posed to international peace and security by this latest Armenian aggression;
Aware of the disruptive effect that this new military offensive can have on the peace process being pursued within the framework of the CSCE;
Noting with appreciation the Report of the Secretary General on this subject (Document No.ICFM/21- 93/PIL/D.6/ Rev.I);
Strongly condemns the Armenian aggression against the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Demands the immediate withdrawal of Armenian forces from all occupied Azerbaijan territories and strongly urges Armenia to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Calls for a just and peaceful settlement of the Karabakh issue on the basis of respect for the principles of territorial integrity of states and inviolability of internationally recognized frontiers."
At the same time, the Organization of Islamic Conference reaffirms its total solidarity and support for the efforts being made by the Government and people of Azerbaijan to defend their country.
This document also calls for enabling the forcibly displaced persons to return to their homes in safety, honour and dignity, as well as requests the Member States, and the Islamic Development Bank and other Islamic institutions to provide urgent financial and humanitarian assistance to the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Organization requested the UN Secretary General and the president of the Security Council to use their full authority for the adoption a resolution condemning the Armenian aggression and demanding immediate withdrawal of the Armenian military formations from all the occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
One more resolution concerning Nagorno-Karabakh was adopted in December 1994, at the next, Seventh Islamic Summit held in Casablanca, Kingdom of Morocco. The resolution says: "Proceeding from the principals and objectives of the Charter of the Organizations of Islamic Conference gravely concerned over the serious escalation of aggression by the Republic of Armenia against the Azerbaijan Republic which has resulted in the occupation of more than 20% of Azerbaijan territory. Deeply distressed over the plight of more than one million Azerbaijan displaced persons and refugees resulting from Armenian aggression and magnitude and severity of humanitarian problems." This resolution did not differ much from the previous one in principle. The mentioned document considers the actions perpetrated against civilian Azerbaijani population in occupied territories and as crimes against humanity and strongly demands immediate and unconditional withdrawal of the Armenian military units from Lachin and Shusha regions of Azerbaijan, as well as strongly urges Armenia to respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Azerbaijan. The last article of the resolution asked the UN Secretary General to control the strict implementation of the United Nations Security Council resolutions 822, 853, 874, 884.
In 1997, one more resolution was adopted in Jakarta (Indonesia), at the following conference of OIC Foreign Ministers. In comparison to the previous ones, this resolution was of a more concrete character. First, the resolution's title was chosen properly: "On the aggression of the Republic of Armenia against the Republic of Azerbaijan." Let us remember that the previous resolutions were titled simply like: "On the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan". The title of the resolution adopted in Jakarta expressed the fact of Armenia's aggression against Azerbaijan in a concrete and open form. This document condemned the aggressive policy of Armenia and demanded immediate, unconditional and complete withdrawal of Armenian forces from all occupied Azerbaijani territories. The document expressed concern over the severity of the humanitarian problems concerning the existence of one million displaced persons and refugees in the territory of Azerbaijan, and requested the international community to render the urgent financial assistance for the settlement of this problem emerging in the republic.
In the periods thereafter, OIC adhered to its principle position at meetings of different levels, summits, as well as conferences of foreign ministers and stated the fact that Armenia has occupied Azerbaijan ter- ritories. In 2004, new articles have been added to the OIC resolution at the suggestion of Azerbaijan concerning the Armenia-Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
CAIRO FINAL COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE TWELFTH SESSION OF THE ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE
(SESSION OF NEW CHALLENGES AND EXPANDING OPPORTUNITIES)
CAIRO- ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT
(6-7 FEBRUARY 2013)
1. We condemn the aggression of Armenia against the Republic of Azerbaijan, reaffirm that acquisition of territory by use of force is inadmissible under the Charter of the United Nations and the international law, and urge for strict implementation of UN Security Council resolutions Nos. 822, 853, 874 and 884 and for immediate, full and unconditional withdrawal of the armed forces of Armenia from occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan, including its Nagorno Karabakh region. We call for the resolution of the conflict within the sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of the internationally recognized borders of the Republic of Azerbaijan. We deplore the destruction of the cultural heritage and sacred Islamic sites, the forced demographic changes, interference with property rights, illegal economic activities in the Nagorno Karabakh region and other occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan, and urge Member States to prevent their legal and natural persons from getting involved in these illegal activities. We reaffirm our principled support for the efforts of the Republic of Azerbaijan, including within the UN General Assembly, aimed at restoring its territorial integrity and sovereignty.