REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN
|Establishment date||- 28 May 1918|
|Date of joining to the United Nations||- 2 March 1992|
|Date of joining to the Council of Europe||- 17 January 2001|
|Territory, thsd. km2||- 86,61)|
The State Symbols of Republic of Azerbaijan:
THE NATIONAL FLAG
The National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal stripes equal in length. The upper stripe is blue, the middle is red, the lower is green colored. In the center of the red stripe on the both sides of the flag there is a white crescent and eight-angled star.
The three-color national flag of Azerbaijan was accepted by the government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918. After the collapse of the Democratic Republic in April 28, 1920 and the establishment of the Soviet regime this flag was relinquished in Azerbaijan. Yet the flag was restored by the order of the Supreme Medjlis of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and was declared the national flag of the Autonomous Republic on November 17,1990. At the same time the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic petitioned to the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR for recognition of the three-color flag the national flag of Azerbaijan.
The Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Republic considered the petition of the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and approved the three-color flag the national flag of the Azerbaijan Republic on February 5, 1991.
THE NATIONAL EMBLEM
The National Emblem represents an image of oriental escutcheon, placed on the arch composed of oak branches and wheat ears. On the escutcheon in the background of the National flag colors of the Republic of Azerbaijan there is an image of the eight-pointed star and in the center of the star there are tongues of flame.
THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
Music by: Uzeyir Hajibeyov
Words by: Ahmed Javad
|The New Year's Day||January 1-2|
|The Women's Day||March 8|
|The Victory Day over fascism||May 9|
|The Republic Day||May 28|
|The Day of National Salvation of the Azerbaijani People||June15|
|The Armed Forces Day||June 26|
|The National Independence Day||October 18|
|State Flag Day of Azerbaijan||November 9|
|The Constitution Day||November 12|
|The National Revival Day||November 17|
|The World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day||December31|
|20 January||January 20|
|Khojaly genocide||February 26|
|The day genocide of Azerbaijanis||March 31|
86,6 thousand square km (12% of the territory are covered by forests, 1,7% - by water, 54,9% - by agricultural lands, (including 31,1% - by pastures , 31,4% are other lands). The country is situated in the latitude 38° and 42° of north and in the longitude of 44° and 52° east.
|Average annual temperature (2014)||+ 13,4⁰C|
|Maximum average temperature||+ 28,5⁰C|
|Minimum average temperature||+2,9⁰C|
|Average annual quantity of precipitations||387,7 mm|
Borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) in the south
Borders with Russia (390 km) in the north
Borders with Georgia (480 km) in the north-west
Borders with Armenia (1007 km) in the west
The length of the widest area of Azerbaijan section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km.
|Number of administrative units:|
|Rural territorial units||1727|
|Rural settlements districts||4249|
Population (according to 01.01.2015):
|Population size, thsd. persons||9593,02)|
|Population density, per 1 sq. km||100|
|Of total population, %:|
|Of total population, %:|
|The amount of population of Baku, thsd.persons||-2204,2|
Composition of population by nationality (according to census)
|(Of total population, %) :|
The religion in Azerbaijan is separated from state. All religions are equal before the law.
The majority of the population is Muslims. At present, there are more than 2 thousand mosques, 13 churches and 7 synagogues in Azerbaijan. In addition to houses of worship, Islam, Christian and Jewish religious educational institutions, including Baku Islamic University, the faculty of Theology in Baku State University, Sunday schools at Orthodox churches, Bible courses of prostestant communities, as well as courses teaching Hebrew language, Jewish religion and culture and etc. are functioning in the country.
After additions and amendments to the Law on Freedom of Religious Belief 746 religious communities were registered at the State Committee on Religious Associations. 27 of them are non-Islamic. Of the latter 17 are Christian, 7 are Jewish, 2 are Bahai and 1 is Krishna consciousness religious community.
Political system:Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular and unitary republic.
The state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on a principle of division of powers: In political system in terms of implementation of the state power Azerbaijan is a presidential republic.
The Head of State: President
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is elected for a 5-year term by way of general, direct and equal elections, with free, personal and secret ballot. On October 9, 2013IlhamHeydarogluAliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In the Republic of Azerbaijan the MilliMajlis (Parliament)exercises the legislative power. The MilliMajlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of 125 deputies. On November 7, 2010 the elections for the 4th Convocation of MilliMejlis was held in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The MilliMajlis consists of 105 men (84,0 %) and 20 women (16,0 % ).
The Judicial poweris implemented by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Azerbaijan, regional and specialized courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The political system of Azerbaijanis based on the principles of political pluralism. At present there are 55 political parties in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Political parties take part in the implementation of state power by representing themselves in legislative bodies and local municipal governments. At present 4000 public and non-governmental organizations are acting in Azerbaijan.
1) Date of establishment, in 28 May 1918 the territory has made 114 thsd. sq km, these territories (Goycha and Zangazur) were occupied by Soviet Russian and presented to Armenia in 1924;
2) 1 millions is refugees and IDPs;
3) according to january- august, 2015